Canada’s Multiple Voices Diplomacy in Climate Change Negotiations: A Focus on Québec

Unité de recherche: Autres publications des membres Thématique: Climate change negotiations, multi-level governance, federalism, paradiplomacy, Canada, Canadian provinces, Québec

This article sheds light on the complexity of international climate change negociations in a federal country, like Canada, where there is no clear attribution of full power over international negotiation concerning this issue. Climate change is a multi-level and multi-stakeholder issue, one that can only be tackled successfully if all actors, at all levels of government, are involved in the process. In recent years, Canadian provinces, especially Québec, have become intensely involved in climate change paradiplomacy. Thats situation has led to a Canadian paradox where the Government of Québec worked to respect the Kyoto Protocol and act accordingly, while Canada opted out of the Protocol in 2011. 

International Negotiation 20 (2015) 291-318

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